Charles Hodge: The Pride of Princeton (American Reformed Biographies Book 5)
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His advocacy of a Reformed orthodoxy combined with evangelical piety attracted a broad following within Old School Presbyterianism that spilled over into American evangelicalism as a whole. Hodge helped to define a distinctive ministerial model—the pastor-scholar—and his fingerprints can be seen all over the Reformed Christian scene of today.
Table of Contents:. Part 1: Roots. New Side Confessionalist. Early Religious Experience. From Philadelphia to the College of New Jersey. Part 2: Broadened Abroad. Maintaining Family Connections.
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Student, Conversationalist, Cultural and Ecclesiastical Observer. A New Model in Theological Education. Assessing the Sojourn in Europe. Part 3: Moderate Old School Presbyterian. A Prodigious Journalistic Venture. Old School-New School Rivalry.
Charles Hodge: The Pride of Princeton (American Reformed Biographies)
Old School Nurture vs. New School Revivalism. Abolitionism vs. Gradual Elimination of Slavery. To Publish or Not to Publish. Part 4: Old School Controversialist and Churchman.
- Charles Hodge: The Pride of Princeton by W. Andrew Hoffecker, Paperback | Barnes & Noble®.
- B.B Warfield?
- Home of the Heart.
- Once Upon a Time!
- Charles Hodge.
An Evangelical Theology. Relations with Roman Catholicism. Internecine Controversy: Mercersburg. Old School North vs. Old School South. Subscription to the Westminster Confession of Faith.
Part 5: interaction with Europe. German and American Transcendentalism. Revisiting an Old Friend. Part 6: Mature Presbyterian Theologian. A Nation and Church Divided and Reunited.
Charles Hodge: The Pride of Princeton by Andrew W. Hoffecker
Reformed among Evangelicals. Science under Scrutiny. Fifty Years and Counting. Andrew Hoffecker M. Although the volume offers an unusually full treatment of the unusually full life of Charles Hodge, who is universally recognized as one of the leading American theologians of the nineteenth century, Hoffecker also has an argument to make. The argument is that in his long career as the mainstay of Princeton Theological Seminary, Hodge successfully combined a strong commitment to confessional Reformed theology and a winsome practice of humble evangelical piety Noll, Francis A.
In this fine biography, Andy Hoffecker sets the record straight. Here we meet Hodge the careful Reformed thinker who nurtured a deep piety. This book gives us a winsome portrait of a theologian who still deserves to be taken with utmost seriousness. In , the Episcopal Church had 1,, baptized members, of whom 1,, were in the United States. In , it was the nation's 14th largest denomination. In , Pew Research estimated that 1.
The church was organized after the American Revolution , when it became separate from the Church of England , whose clergy are required to swear allegiance to the British monarch as Supreme Governor of the Church of England; the Episcopal Church describes itself as " Protestant , yet Catholic". The Episcopal Church claims apostolic succession, tracing its bishops back to the apostles via holy orders. The Book of Common Prayer , a collection of traditional rites, blessings and prayers used throughout the Anglican Communion, is central to Episcopal worship. The Episcopal Church was active in the Social Gospel movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Since the s and s, the church has pursued a decidedly more liberal course, it has supported the civil rights movement and affirmative action. Some of its leaders and priests are known for marching with influential civil rights demonstrators such as Martin Luther King Jr; the church calls for the full legal equality of LGBT people. In , the church's 78th triennial General Convention passed resolutions allowing the blessing of same-sex marriages and approved two official liturgies to bless such unions; the Episcopal Church ordains women and LGBT people to the priesthood , the diaconate , the episcopate , despite opposition from a number of other member churches of the Anglican Communion.
In , Gene Robinson became the first gay person ordained as a bishop. The latter is much more used.
Gutjahr, Paul C. Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy
In other languages, an equivalent is used. In the 19th century, High Church members advocated changing the name, which they felt did not acknowledge the church's Catholic heritage, they were opposed by the church's evangelical wing, which felt that the "Protestant Episcopal" label reflected the Reformed character of Anglicanism. After , alternative names were proposed and rejected by the General Convention.
One proposed alternative was "the American Catholic Church ". By the s, opposition to dropping the word "Protestant" had subsided. In a General Convention compromise and lay delegates suggested adding a preamble to the church's constitution, recognizing "The Episcopal Church" as a lawful alternate designation while still retaining the earlier name. The evolution of the name can be seen in the church's Book of Common Prayer. Since several other churches in the Anglican Communion use the name "Episcopal", including Scotland and the Philippines , for example Anglicans Online , add the phrase "in the United States of America "; the full legal name of the national church corporate body is the "Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America", incorporated by the legislature of New York and established in The membership of the corporation "shall be considered as comprehending all persons who are members of the Church".
This should not be confused with the name of the church itself, as it is a distinct body relating to church governance; the Episcopal Church has its origins in the Church of England in the American colonies, it stresses continuity with the early universal Western Church and claims to maintain apostolic succession. The first parish was founded in Jamestown, Virginia in , under the charter of the Virginia Company of London ; the tower of Jamestown Church is one of the oldest surviving Anglican church structures in the United States. The Jamestown church building itself is a modern reconstruction.
Although no American Anglican bishops existed in the colonial era, the Church of England had an official status in several colonies, which meant that local governments paid tax money to local parishes, the parishes handled some civic functions; the Church of England was designated the established church in Virginia in , in New York in , in Maryland in , in South Carolina in , in North Carolina in , in Georgia in From the vestries and the clergy came loosely under the diocesan authority of the Bishop of London.
After , the Society for the Propagation of the Gos. It was a predecessor to the contemporary Presbyterian Church; the denomination had its origins in colonial times when members of the Church of Scotland and Presbyterians from Ireland first immigrated to America. In , Presbyterians in the Southern United States split from the denomination because of disputes over slavery and theology precipitated by the American Civil War , they established the Presbyterian Church in the United States simply referred to as the "Southern Presbyterian Church".
Over time, traditional Calvinism played less of a role in shaping the church's doctrines and practices—it was influenced by Arminianism and revivalism early in the 19th century, liberal theology late in the 19th century, neo-orthodoxy by the midth century; the theological tensions within the denomination were played out in the Fundamentalist—Modernist Controversy of the s and s, a conflict that led to the development of Christian fundamentalism and has historical importance to modern American Evangelicalism.
Conservatives dissatisfied with liberal trends left to form the Orthodox Presbyterian Church in ; the origins of the Presbyterian Church is the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century. The writings of French theologian and lawyer John Calvin solidified much of the Reformed thinking that came before him in the form of the sermons and writings of Huldrych Zwingli. As a result, the Church of Scotland embraced Reformed presbyterian polity; the Ulster Scots brought their Presbyterian faith with them to Ireland, where they laid the foundation of what would become the Presbyterian Church of Ireland.
By the second half of the 17th century, Presbyterians were immigrating to British North America.
Scottish and Scotch-Irish immigrants contributed to a strong Presbyterian presence in the Middle Colonies Philadelphia. Before , Presbyterian congregations were not yet organized into presbyteries or synods. In , seven ministers led by Francis Makemie established the first presbytery in North America , the Presbytery of Philadelphia ; the presbytery was created to promote fellowship and discipline among its members and only developed into a governing body. Member congregations were located in New Jersey , Pennsylvania and Maryland.
Further growth led to the creation of the Synod of Philadelphia in The Synod's membership consisted of all ministers and one lay elder from every congregation; the Synod still had no official confessional statement.